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Telogen Effluvium

Telogen effluvium is an abnormal loss of hair which mainly occurs when some stress causes hair roots to be pushed prematurely into the resting state or due to alteration in the normal hair cycle. Telogen Effluvium can be acute aswell as chronic. It is typical for a band like area of occipital hair follicles to enter the first telogen close to the time of birth and for these hairs to shed 2 to 3 months later. In Telogen effluvium a sudden or stressful event can cause the hair follicles to prematurely stop growing and enter into a resting phase. Telogen Effluvium is the name for the resting phase of the hair growth cycle.

Causes of Telogen Effluvium

The various factors which have been found responsible for causing telogen effluvium include.

  • Flu or stress can also cause telogen effluvium.
  • Acute illness such as febrile illness, high fever, severe infection, major surgery (especially with general anesthesia) , severe stress and severe psychological trauma can cause telogen effluvium.
  • Heavy metal poisoning
  • Changes in diet like crash dieting, low protein intake, and chronic iron deficiency can also cause telogen effluvium.
  • Chronic illness such as malignancy, and any chronic debilitating illness, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, end-stage renal disease, or liver disease can cause telogen effluvium.
  • Chronic medical illness.
  • Acute and severe blood loss.
  • Medications.
  • Menopause.
  • Allergic contact dermatitis of the scalp.

Symptoms

If one has telogen effluvium then one can notice the hairs on the shower or bathroom floor, pillowcase and hairbrush. The scalp will become less dense. Hair loss will be more than normal.

Treatment of Telogen Effluviumis

There is no treatment for telogen effluvium. The problem will correct itself. All the lost hair will eventually be replaced. The doctor can prescribe some lotion such as minoxidil , Nizoral shampoo and Tricomin Therapy Spray to stimulate the hair growth.

 

 
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